China’s former leader Deng Xiaoping has been celebrated as the architect of the country’s economic reform. Current president Xi Jinping is no longer following Deng’s track, but defines his own state-dominated economy, says economist Arthur Kroeber, author of China’s Economy: What Everyone Needs to Know®, to Bloomberg.
When President Xi Jinping assumed power in 2013, many hoped he’d turn out to be a leader in Deng’s reformist vein. But while Deng wanted his market-based reforms to make China rich, Xi has reasserted the control of the state in an effort to turn the country into a political and technological superpower.
“One of Xi’s overarching goals in terms of economic management is to effectively, if not formally, declare the end of the era of reform a la Deng Xiaoping,” said Arthur Kroeber, a founding partner and managing director at research firm Gavekal Dragonomics. Whereas Deng and subsequent leaders bolstered the role of private businesses in the economy and reduced that of the state, Xi seems to think the balance is now about right, Kroeber said.
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